When people think of osteoarthritis, they often think of aging. Or to worn bones. While osteoarthritis is a disease that you can get at any age.
Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease of the articular cartilage between the bones and vertebrae. This cartilage should protect the joints when moving. This way the bones do not rub on each other, but they move smoothly.
Healthy cartilage is therefore very smooth. In osteoarthritis it becomes rough and irregular, in some places it can even completely disappear. This gives stiffness and a lot of pain when moving. Also the adjacent bone is thickened in some places, this also gives pain when moving (it goes as it were rubbing). Small pieces of loose cartilage also cause irritation and inflammation in the joint .
There are two forms of osteoarthritis:
Primary osteoarthritis is the form of osteoarthritis where no apparent cause can be found. It can occur at any age.
Primary osteoarthritis can also be hereditary. It often arises for the fortieth year of life.
Secondary osteoarthritis can also occur at any age and has a clear cause. Often the damage to the articular cartilage is caused by a fracture (fracture), surgery, hereditary abnormality (such as dysplasia where the joint is not properly fitted) or an inflammation of the joint. Secondary osteoarthritis can also occur due to abnormal load on the joint.
Osteoarthritis can occur in multiple joints at the same time. We then speak of polyarthrosis. A single joint was affected in mono-articular osteoarthritis.
Misunderstandings about osteoarthritis
There are a number of misunderstandings about osteoarthritis. We will list them for you.
- Osteoarthritis is an aging disease
- This is not true. Osteoarthritis can occur at any age, although the probability increases with age.
- Osteoarthritis is wear
- No, osteoarthritis is not a wear and tear, but a rheumatic condition. In this condition, the quality of the joint cartilage gradually decreases. This is caused by cracks in the cartilage. Eventually the cartilage can even disappear completely in some places.
- Osteoarthritis can not be treated
- Osteoarthritis can not be cured, but treatment is certainly worthwhile. Pain and inflammation can be treated with medication. Exercise stiffness can be combated with exercise therapy. Moreover, you keep the muscles strong and supple. Joints can in some cases be replaced by artificial joints.
- Osteoarthritis is the same as (chronic inflammatory) rheumatism
This is also not true. Chronic inflammatory rheumatism (rheumatoid arthritis) is also a condition of the joints. Only then there is talk of, among other things, joint inflammations instead of cartilage decline. It often goes together with osteoarthritis.
- Joints wear through movement
- On the contrary: movement is necessary to keep the joints supple.
Osteoarthritis is one of the best known causes of joint pain. The best remedy for joint pain due to osteoarthritis is to keep moving. That way you keep the joint capsules smooth. By losing weight and walking with a walking stick you reduce the pressure on the joints. This will relieve the pain. You can visit Controlled Carb Gourmet for more details on treatment of joint pain.
The prevention of joint pain
Live regularly and eat healthy.
If you have symptoms such as getting smaller, back pain or a crooked posture, go to your doctor. He can check whether it concerns osteoporosis.
Ensure sufficient physical exercise, preferably in the open air.
Ensure adequate intake of vitamin D .
Use alcohol and caffeine in moderation.